Tuberculosis (BCG) Vaccinations in London
TB & BCG- The Facts
Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium.
Tuberculosis complex and it is spread via droplet infection e.g coughing, sneezing. Prolonged exposure to infected individuals is usually required for infection to occur.
Tuberculosis can affect any part of the body but most commonly it affects the lungs.
In the UK the rates of TB have declined. Globally, TB is still common with rates varying country to country. The highest rates of TB occur in Africa (particularly sub-Saharan Africa and West Africa), South and South East Asia, Russia, China and South America.
The vaccine for TB is called the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG).
In the UK, the vaccine is recommended for:
-All infants (aged 0 to 12 months) with a parent or grandparent who was born in a
country where the annual incidence of TB is 40/100,000 or greater.
-All infants (aged 0 to 12 months) living in areas of the UK where the annual incidence of TB is 40/100,000 or greater.
-Previously unvaccinated children aged one to five years with a parent or grandparent who was born in a country where the annual incidence of TB is 40/100,000 or greater.
-Previously unvaccinated, tuberculin-negative children aged from six to under 16 years of age with a parent or grandparent who was born in a country where the annual incidence of TB is 40/100,000 or greater.
Previously unvaccinated tuberculin-negative individuals under 16 years of age household or equivalent close contacts of cases of sputum smear-positive pulmonary or laryngeal TB
-Previously unvaccinated, tuberculin-negative individuals under 16 years of age who were born in or who have lived for a prolonged period (at least three months) in a country with an annual TB incidence of 40/100,000 or greater
-Those at occupational risk
-Travellers at higher risk including, those visiting friends and relatives, healthcare workers, long-term travellers, and those who have contact with a person who has active infection.
Vaccine name – BCG (Facts)
Special Certificate requirement
Prior to vaccination you may require a Mantoux test to check immunity. Mantoux testing is recommended for the following groups:
Are there any complications of the BCG vaccine?
How long does protection last?
Does immunisation hurt?
What if I have an abnormal reaction?
Will I get a vaccination record card?
Meet the Team
Dr Elizabeth Tuckey
Dr Elizabeth Tuckey
Melia Lilembo Mazamba